Fibromyalgia is a chronic disorder characterized by widespread body pain and tenderness of the joints, muscles, tendons and other soft tissues. Fibromyalgia may also be associated with fatigue, headaches, difficulty sleeping, depression, and anxiety.
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is a chronic pain condition characterized by severe pain, swelling and changes in the skin. It usually affects the arms, hands, legs or feet. It is also known as reflex sympathetic dystrophy or causalgia.
Kyphosis is characterized by an abnormal spinal curvature which causes a physical deformity of the upper back commonly known as hunchback. Normally the thoracic spine has a “C”-shaped convexity, but an exaggeration of this convexity results in kyphosis.
Lumbar stenosis refers to narrowing of the spinal canal in the lower back (lumbar) region which exerts pressure over the spinal cord resulting in low back and leg pain. Lumbar stenosis occurs due to the narrowing of the spinal canal or the neuroforamen, in the lower back region.
Radiculopathy is a painful condition resulting from compression or inflammation of spinal nerves. Lumbar radiculopathy is a condition in which the spinal nerves around the lumbar region (lower back) are compressed or pinched leading to pain, numbness or weakness, and tingling sensation.
Pelvic pain is pain that occurs in the lower abdomen and pelvis. The pelvic region is the area between the umbilicus (belly button) and the groin in the front and between the buttocks at the back. Pelvic area mainly consists of reproductive, urinary and digestive systems such as uterus, bladder and intestines.
Sacroiliac joints are the joints located in the pelvic bone that connect to the lower spine. They act as shock absorbers to the spine through a gliding movement. Sacroiliitis is an inflammation of these joints, and is characterized by pain and stiffness in your buttocks and lower back, which may radiate to your groin, thighs and feet.
Spondylosis is a degenerative disorder of the spine due to the ageing process which disrupts the normal structure and function of the spine. It affects all the different structural components of the spine including intervertebral discs, ligaments, bones and facet joints.
The spine, also called the back bone, is designed to give us stability, smooth movement, as well as providing a corridor of protection for the delicate spinal cord. It is made up of bony segments called vertebrae and fibrous tissue called intervertebral discs. The vertebrae and discs form a column from your head to your pelvis providing symmetry and support to the body.
Back pain is an indication of stress fractures known as vertebral compression fractures. Vertebral compression fractures occur when the normal vertebral body of the spine is squeezed or compressed to a smaller height. The bone collapses when too much pressure is placed on the vertebrae, resulting in pain, limited mobility, height loss, and spinal deformity.
The neck is the most flexible part of the spine and supports the weight of the head. The unique anatomical structure of the cervical vertebrae allows free movement of the head. The neck is also composed of muscles and ligaments. Any excessive stress on the ligament and muscles may injure or damage them.
Scoliosis is a condition where the spine or back bone is curved sideways instead of appearing in a straight line. The most common type of scoliosis is adolescent idiopathic scoliosis which occurs after age 10 and is seen more frequently in girls than boys. Scoliosis can occur at any age, however, and the cause is not known in 80% of cases. This is referred to as idiopathic scoliosis. Your physician will investigate other possible causes before diagnosing you with idiopathic scoliosis.